Sport Climbing is climbing using fixed protection for safety. The climber wears a harness and is tied into a rope which is managed by a person below called the “belayer”. As the climber goes up they clip their rope to bolts fixed into the wall to protect them in the case of a fall. The belayer has a “belay device” that allows them to give out rope when they need it but hold the rope tight if the climber falls. The climber clips the rope into “quickdraws” which are themselves clipped to bolts with hangers that are drilled into the wall. The bolts are the key part of sport climbing that differentiates it from traditional climbing. It was once very controversial to drill a bolt into a cliff but is now much more commonplace. It’s a fairly safe form of climbing that’s all about technique. The aim is to climb from the bottom to the top using your own power only hands, feet, knees, elbows, and all. Resting with the rope tight or by pulling on any gear fixed into the wall is cheating. 바카라
Why Is It Called Sport Climbing?
It’s called sport climbing because it’s seen as a more sporty and physical way of climbing than other types. You can fall safely and once you’ve finished a route you lower down and move on to the next. Sport climbing is about the physicality and technique of getting up a route and less about the technical side. Typically you can go sport climbing with just a few bits of gear, getting a good amount of different routes done in a day. Sport climbers might expect to fall quite a lot, practicing specific moves a few times and not worrying about the protection pulling out of the wall. Bolts are meant to take repeated falls and last decades. In other forms of climbing, you do have protection in the wall to catch you if you fall.
Helmet – Head protection from a fall and from rockfall. Should be replaced immediately if damaged.
Harness – A padded harness is most comfortable and a model with at least four gear loops and a central belay loop is recommended.
Rock boots – Tight fitting with sticky rubber soles that allow maximum precision and grip on the crag. Don’t be surprised if they’re uncomfortable to walk in, it’s not what they’re designed for.
Rope – For sport climbing, you should be looking at 60 meters of rope in order to lower yourself from the vast majority of routes
Belay device – Either a manual breaking device or an assisted braking device that the rope is fed through the create friction. Assisted braking devices are preferable if your partner is expecting to take many falls.
Quickdraws – Usually between 10 and 25 cm in length, these consist of two snap-link karabiners linked by a tape sling.
Sling – Used alongside a screwgate carabiner as a cow’s tail for attaching to the lower-off.
Carabiner – Used alongside a sling to at the lower-off.